“Bulgaria’s Cabinet decided on January 17 to amend the licence awarded to US oil firm Chevron, explicitly banning the use of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) technology in the exploration of potential shale gas reserves in the country’s northeast.
The Cabinet awarded the exploration permit for the Novi Pazar area in June 2010, but did not specify at that time what technology the company could use. The January 17 decision now limits Chevron to drilling conventional wells only.”
“On January 14, several thousand people gathered at protest rallies in Bulgaria’s largest cities and towns to protest against shale gas extraction and the use of fracking. Apart from Sofia, there were protests in Plovdiv, Varna, Veliko Turnovo, Shoumen, Pleven, Bourgas, Kazanluk, Dobrich, Smolyan, Rousse and Blagoevgrad, while according to Capital Daily, Bulgarians living in London and Copenhagen also held protests.
Protesters called for Parliament to put a moratorium on exploration and extraction of shale gas and for a legislative ban on fracking.
Lawmakers obliged on January 18, passing an indefinite ban on highly-pressurised hydraulic fracturing (at more than 20 atmospheres) with a vote of 166 in favour and only six against, all of them from [the] right-wing Blue Coalition.”
“But even [the] co-leader of the Blue Coalition, Martin Dimitrov, backed the moratorium, saying that he was “opposed to experiments done on Bulgaria. The time will come when the technology is safe or its risks are clarified.”
Other supporters of the ban, including former environment minister Djevdet Chakurov of the predominantly ethnic Turk Movement for Rights and Freedoms and former economy minister, socialist Roumen Ovcharov, said that Bulgaria was better off waiting for other countries to conclude their environmental risk assessments before allowing shale gas exploration to proceed.”
[T]he area covered by Chevron’s licence has some of Bulgaria’s most fertile land and has long been described as the country’s “bread basket”.