Ohio earthquake was not a natural event, expert says – chicagotribune.com.
“A 4.0 magnitude earthquake in Ohio on New Year’s Eve did not occur naturally and may have been caused by high-pressure liquid injection related to oil and gas exploration and production, an expert hired by the state of Ohio said on Tuesday.
Ohio’s Department of Natural Resources on Sunday suspended operations at five deep well sites in Youngstown, Ohio, where the injection of water was taking place, while they evaluate seismological data from a rare quake in the area.
The wells are about 9,000 feet deep and are used to dispose of water from oil and gas wells. The process is related to fracking, the controversial injection of chemical-laced water and sand into rock to release oil and gas. Critics say that the high pressure injection of the liquid causes seismic activity.
Won-Young Kim, a research professor of Seismology Geology and Tectonophysics at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University, told Reuters in an interview on Tuesday that circumstantial evidence suggests a link between the earthquake and the high-pressure well activity.
“We know the depth (of the quake on Saturday) is two miles and that is different from a natural earthquake,” said Kim, who is advising the state of Ohio.”
BBC News – MLAs back motion to halt fracking.
“MLAs have called for a stop to the practice of gas exploration known as fracking.
They backed a call for a moratorium on onshore and offshore exploration and the withdrawal of licences by 49 votes to 30.”
Here is a short video of UTV’s coverage of the day’s events:
With regard to Mrs Foster’s comments, readers are referred to the wording of the licence (available on our Documents page). The Work Programme contained within the licence states that Tamboran will,
“Drill exploration well to test Benbulben and Bundoran Shale Formations gas shale play including coring, fracturing and testing programme.”
Readers may also be interested to note that the licence granted is to
“search and bore for and get petroleum”
(petroleum in this sense including gas) and that under the Petroleum Production Regulations, also available on the Documents page, the licensee effectively has the option to extend the licence into a production phase lasting for over twenty years.
Fracking vote delayed | The News Journal | delawareonline.com.
The Delaware, on the Atlantic coast of the United States, is one of America’s largest and most important rivers, providing water to millions. Issues such as conservation, flood mitigation and development are decided by the Delaware River Basin Commission, which is made up of the four governors of Delaware, Pennyslvania, New Jersey and New York together with a representative of the US government (currently a Brigadier General from the Army Corps of Engineers).
A recent proposal to use hydraulic fracturing to extract shale gas from the river basin was to be voted on by the Commission this Monday, 21st November. However, following widespread concern, the Commission has cancelled its meeting, indicating that at least three of its five members are not happy with the prospect of fracking in this vital region. This is important news, not only for the residents of the four states, but for all those worldwide who have reservations about the process. There are serious doubts about the safety of hydraulic fracturing for human and animal health, the purity of drinking water and the preservation of precious landscapes. Now even state governors and brigadier generals are coming to share those concerns. Will our elected representatives take the issue equally seriously?
France withdraws shale gas permits: minister – FRANCE 24.
Earlier this year, the two houses of the French parliament voted to ban hydraulic fracturing throughout France. As Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet, the Minister for the Environment and Sustainable Development, said,
“We have seen the results in the U.S. There are risks for the water tables and these are risks we don’t want to take.”
Companies which had been granted exploration permits were given the opportunity to demonstrate how they could extract shale gas without using this method. They have been unable to do so, and so their permits have been withdrawn.
Rabbitte orders ‘fracking’ study – The Irish Times – Wed, Oct 05, 2011.
Important news from the Republic, where the Minister for Energy and Natural Resources has asked the Environmental Protection Agency to carry out a study of the various impacts of hydraulic fracturing before his government go any further in granting permits. As he says,
“At present there is currently very little European experience of the process. For this reason I have asked the EPA to examine the area and advise me and [my] colleagues in Government on the environmental implications of fracking.”
This seems a sensible approach, and one which it might be wise for our own representatives to adopt. What do you think?