Earlier this year, the two houses of the French parliament voted to ban hydraulic fracturing throughout France. As Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet, the Minister for the Environment and Sustainable Development, said,
“We have seen the results in the U.S. There are risks for the water tables and these are risks we don’t want to take.”
Companies which had been granted exploration permits were given the opportunity to demonstrate how they could extract shale gas without using this method. They have been unable to do so, and so their permits have been withdrawn.